Feature Discovery and Visualization of Robot Mission Data Using Convolutional Autoencoders and Bayesian Nonparametric Topic Modeling

Genevieve Flaspohler1, Nicholas Roy1, Yogesh Girdhar2

  • 1Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • 2Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

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Sessions

10:30 - 12:00 | Mon 25 Sep | Room 109 | MoAT1

Deep Learning in Robotics and Automation I

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Abstract

The gap between our ability to collect interesting data and our ability to analyze these data is growing at an unprecedented rate. Recent algorithmic attempts to fill this gap have employed unsupervised tools to discover structure in data. Some of the most successful approaches have used probabilistic models to uncover latent thematic structure in discrete data. Despite the success of these models on textual data, they have not generalized as well to image data, in part because of the spatial and temporal structure may exist in an image stream. We introduce a novel unsupervised machine learning framework that incorporates the ability of convolutional autoencoders to discover features from images that directly encode spatial information, within a Bayesian nonparametric topic model that can discover meaningful latent patterns within discrete data. By using this hybrid framework, we overcome the fundamental dependency of traditional topic models on rigidly hand-coded data representations, while simultaneously encoding spatial dependency in our topics without adding model complexity. We apply this model to the motivating application of high-level scene understanding and mission summarization for exploratory marine robots. Our experiments on a seafloor dataset collected by a marine robot show that the proposed hybrid framework outperforms current state-of-the-art approaches on the task of unsupervised seafloor terrain characterization.

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