Design Optimization of Contactless Generator for Implantable Energy Harvesting System Utilizing Electrically

Takumi Mochida1, Wataru Hijikata1

  • 1Tokyo Institute of Technology

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Oral Session

Sessions

08:30 - 10:00 | Wed 24 Jul | R5 - Level 3 | WeA20

Novel Sensing Methods

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Abstract

We propose an energy harvesting device driven by contraction of an electrically-stimulated skeletal muscle for an alternative battery of implantable medical devices. In order to realize a durable generator, proposed one has a contactless plucking mechanism utilizing parallel leaf springs and magnets, with which the generator can be driven without friction. By utilizing this mechanism, the generator can be driven not only in contraction phase, but also relaxant phase. We conducted design optimization of the stiffness of the parallel leaf springs, air gap between the magnets, and magnetic circuit in order to maximize generated power of the generator. The evaluation of the generated power of the prototype in non-living environment, the protype could achieve 35.8 μw, the value of which is enough to drive the implantable medical devices. Finally, the evaluation of the generated power in the ex-vivo experiment using a gastrocnemius muscle of a toad with a weight of 193.4 g was conducted. In this experiment, the generator achieved 18.1 μW from only 3.5 g of the skeletal muscle. Also, we confirmed that the generated power exceeded the power consumption of the electrical stimulation on the skeletal muscle, showing the feasibility of the energy harvesting system with proposed mechanism.

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