Pulse Shaping Diversity to Enhance Throughput in Ultra-Dense Small Cell Networks

Amir Hossein Jafari • Vijay Venkateswaran • David López-Pérez • Jie Zhang

16:15 - 17:45 | Tuesday 5 July 2016 | Salisbury B


Spatial multiplexing (SM) gains in multiple input multiple output (MIMO) cellular networks are limited when used in combination with ultra-dense small cell networks. This limitation is due to large spatial correlation among channel pairs. More specifically, it is due to i) line-of-sight (LOS) communication between user equipment (UE) and base station (BS) and ii) insufficient spacing between antenna elements. We propose to shape transmit signals at adjacent antennas with distinct interpolating filters which introduces pulse shaping diversity eventually leading to improved SINR and throughput at the UEs. In this technique, each antenna transmits its own data stream with a relative offset with respect to adjacent antenna. The delay which must be a fraction of symbol period is interpolated with the pulse shaped signal and generates a virtual MIMO channel that leads to improved diversity and SINR at the receiver. Note that non-integral sampling periods with inter-symbol interference (ISI) should be mitigated at the receiver. For this, we propose to use a fractionally spaced equalizer (FSE) designed based on the minimum mean squared error (MMSE) criterion. Simulation results show that for a 2x2 MIMO and with inter-site-distance (ISD) of 50 m, the median received SINR and throughput at the UE improves by a factor of 11 dB and 2x, respectively, which verifies that pulse shaping can overcome poor SM gains in ultra-dense small cell networks.