Time to Lane Change and Completion Prediction Based on Gated Recurrent Unit Network

Zhanhong Yan1, Kaiming Yang2, Zheng Wang3, Bo Yang3, Tsutomu Kaizuka3, Kimihiko Nakano3

  • 1the University of Tokyo
  • 2Tsinghua University
  • 3The University of Tokyo

Details

Category

Workshop

Sessions

09:00 - 14:30 | Sun 9 Jun | Room L213 | SuDT4

HFIV: Human Factors in Intelligent Vehicles

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Abstract

A lot of research has been done to model and predict a driver’s behaviors to improve driving safety. Inferring lane change maneuver can be a critical one among them. However, the lane change prediction problem is generally treated as a classification task in which the labels represent the probability of whether the driver will make a lane change in the upcoming few seconds. In our work, we formulate this problem as a regression task. The process of lane change behavior is analyzed to build a Gated Recurrent Units (GRU) network for predicting two time points during lane change behavior: a) When the driver will shift lane. b) When the lane change will be completed. We make a comparison of Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) network and Support Vector Machine (SVM) regression performance to show that our method can give a more precise prediction time. This work can be used to improve the safety performance of driver assistance systems and help other traffic participants having a safer environment.

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