Electrical Properties of Phantoms for Mimicking Breast Tissue

Vinicius Grando Sirtoli1, Kaue Felipe Morcelles1, Pedro Bertemes-filho2

  • 1Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
  • 2The State University of Santa Catarina

Details

Category

Minisymposia (Oral)

Theme

7. Biomedical Sensors and Wearable Systems

Sessions

08:00 - 09:15 | Wed 12 Jul | Rushmer Room | WeAT16

Bioimpedance in Biomedical Applications and Research: Concepts

Abstract

In order to test and calibrate an EIT (Electrical Impedance Tomography) system, many researchers rely on phantoms mimicking breast tissues. These phantoms are usually made of saline solutions, agar and/or vegetables, allowing the user to set the conductivity of the material by changing the salt concentration. Due to that fact that the dispersion behavior in the vicinity of megahertz is fundamental to detect carcinoma, this work aims to propose a phantom composed by a mixture of agar and gelatin (emulating the normal tissue) and a piece of carrot (emulating the carcinoma). It also investigates the frequency dependence from 1 to 10,000 kHz. The proposed phantom showed capability to mimic some absolute and relative electrical parameters used to detect cancer according to the literature. The differences in the impedance modulus were found to be more dispersive in the mimic carcinoma tissue type than the normal mimic one. It is simple to prepare, low cost, has similar electrical properties to the ones that have been used in the literature, better mechanical properties and longer life time. It can be concluded that gelatin-agar gel may have a high potential to be used as a breast tissue phantom.

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