A Self-Powered Glucose Biosensor based on Pyrolloquinoline Quinone Glucose Dehydrogenase and Bilirubin Oxidase Operating under Physiological Conditions

Tanmay Kulkarni1, Gymama Slaughter1

  • 1University of Maryland Baltimore County

Details

Category

Contributed Papers (Oral)

Theme

7. Biomedical Sensors and Wearable Systems

Sessions

08:00 - 09:30 | Wed 12 Jul | Min Room | WeAT4

Novel Sensing Methods I

Abstract

A novel biosensing system capable of simultaneously sensing glucose and powering portable electronic devices such as a digital glucometer is described. The biosensing system consists of enzymatic glucose biofuel cell bioelectrodes functionalized with pyrolloquinoline quinone glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH) and bilirubin oxidase (BOD) at the bioanode and biocathode, respectively. A dual-stage power amplification circuit is integrated with the single biofuel cell to amplify the electrical power generated. In addition, a capacitor circuit was incorporated to serve as the transducer for sensing glucose. The open circuit voltage of the optimized biofuel cell reached 0.55 V, and the maximum power density achieved was 0.23 mW/ cm2 at 0.29 V. The biofuel cell exhibited a sensitivity of 0.312 mW/mM.cm2 with a linear dynamic range of 3 mM – 20 mM glucose. The overall self-powered glucose biosensor is capable of selectively screening against common interfering species, such as ascorbate and urate and exhibited an operational stability of over 53 days, while maintaining 90 % of its activity. These results demonstrate the system's potential to replace the current glucose monitoring devices that rely on external power supply, such as a battery.

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