Wearable Health Monitoring using Capacitive Voltage-Mode Human Body Communication

Shovan Maity1, Debayan Das1, Shreyas Sen1

  • 1Purdue University



Contributed Papers (Oral)


7. Biomedical Sensors and Wearable Systems


08:00 - 09:30 | Wed 12 Jul | Min Room | WeAT4

Novel Sensing Methods I


Rapid miniaturization and cost reduction of computing, along with the availability of wearable and implantable physiological sensors have led to the growth of human Body Area Network (BAN) formed by a network of such sensors and computing devices. One promising application of such a network is wearable health monitoring where the collected data from the sensors would be transmitted and analyzed to assess the health of a person. Typically, the devices in a BAN are connected through wireless (WBAN), which suffers from energy inefficiency due to the high-energy consumption of wireless transmission. Human Body Communication (HBC) uses the relatively low loss human body as the communication medium to connect these devices, promising order(s) of magnitude better energy-efficiency and built-in security compared to WBAN. In this paper, we demonstrate a health monitoring device and system built using Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) sensors and components, that can collect data from physiological sensors and transmit it through a) intra-body HBC to another device (hub) worn on the body or b) upload health data through HBC-based human-machine interaction to an HBC capable machine. The system design constraints and signal transfer characteristics for the implemented HBC-based wearable health monitoring system are measured and analyzed, showing a very reliable connectivity with >8x power savings compared to Bluetooth low-energy (BTLE).

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