A Loosely Coupled MEMS-SINSGNSS Integrated System for Land Vehicle Navigation in Urban Areas

Meiling Wang1, Guoqiang Feng1, Huachao Yu1, Yafeng Li1, Yi Yang1, Xuan Xiao1

  • 1Beijing Institute of Technology

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Regular Paper

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15:48 - 17:36 | Tue 27 Jun | | TuDPl

Intelligent Vehicles and Navigation Systems

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Abstract

Integrating Micro-Electro Mechanical System-Inertial Measurement Unit (MEMS-IMU) with Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) has been a widespread method to achieve cost-effective navigation solution for land vehicles. However, due to the significant and time-varying errors inherent to MEMS inertial sensors, the performance of Strapdown Inertial Navigation System (SINS) based on MEMS-IMU would degrade quickly during the frequent GNSS outages in urban environments. To improve the overall navigation accuracy, this paper proposed a combination of the following two approaches for the loosely coupled integrated system: (1) using the MEMS error coefficients derived from Allan variance analysis for Kalman filter (KF) tuning; and (2) providing additional measurements based on the knowledge of vehicle kinematic features for SINS error correction. In the second method, body velocity constraint and an improved zero velocity updates (ZUPT) method assisted by accelerometers are described. Road tests utilizing an automated vehicle in urban areas demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms for reducing the rapid SINS drifts during GNSS outages.

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