Indoor Localization based on Multiple LEDs Position Estimation

Popoola Olaoluwa1, Funmilayo B. Ogunkoya, Wasiu O. Popoola, Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez, Sinan Sinanovic

  • 1Glasgow Caledonian University



Technical Session: Poster


Signal Processing for Wireless Communications


15:15 - 16:45 | Wed 6 Jul | Pentland A | R11

Localization and tracking in Wireless/UWB networks


This paper describes the simulation results and hardware implementation of an inexpensive, low-complexity LED based indoor positioning system. Localization by multiple LEDs estimation model (MLEM) approximates position of a mobile receiver by the acquisition of positional information from LED transmitters. Multiple LED orientation can either be with or without overlap. Receivers in a no-overlap LED orientation experience only single access while multiple access receivers are designed for orientations with overlaps. Single and multiple access systems were developed and implemented by the use of low cost ATMEG 328 microcontroller. Since multiple LEDs transmit data at the same wavelength and are asynchronous, overlap in multiple access system causes interference. The possibility of this interference is reduced by packet based pulse duration multiplexing (PDM) and a low duty cycle transmission protocol. By the use of MLEM, root mean square error in position estimation is reduced to about 1 percent of the length an indoor location. Experimental results show that overlap increases positional accuracy over a wider coverage region and that the multiple access system allows for a more reliable positioning.

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