Clustering of Interictal Spikes By Dynamic Time Warping and Affinity Propagation

Jin Jing • John Thomas • Justin Dauwels • M. Brandon Westover • Sydney S. Cash

13:30 - 15:30 | Tuesday 22 March 2016 | Poster Area J



Epilepsy is often associated with the presence of spikes in electroencephalograms (EEGs). The spike waveforms vary vastly among epilepsy patients, and also for the same patient across time. In order to develop semi-automated and automated methods for detecting spikes, it is crucial to obtain a better understanding of the various spike shapes. In this paper, we develop several approaches to extract exemplars of spikes. We generate spike exemplars by applying clustering algorithms to a database of spikes from 12 patients. As similarity measures for clustering, we consider the Euclidean distance and Dynamic Time Warping (DTW). We assess two clustering algorithms, namely, K-means clustering and affinity propagation. The clustering methods are compared based on the mean squared error, and the similarity measures are assessed based on the number of generated spike clusters. Affinity propagation with DTW is shown to be the best combination for clustering epileptic spikes, since it generates fewer spike templates and does not require to pre-specify the number of spike templates.