Wavelet Features for Classification of Vote Snore Sounds

Björn Schuller1, Christoph Janott2, Clemens Heiser3, Kun Qian3, Zixing Zhang4

  • 1Universität Passau / Imperial College London
  • 2TU München
  • 3Technische Universität München
  • 4University of Passau

Details

Category

Technical Session: Poster

Theme

Audio and Acoustic Signal Processing

Sessions

13:30 - 15:30 | Tue 22 Mar | Poster Area C | AASP-P1

Hearing Aids and Environmental Sound Recognition

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Abstract

Location and form of the upper airway obstruction is essential for a targeted therapy of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Utilizing snore sounds (SnS) to reveal the pathological characters of OSA patients has been the subject of scientific research for several decades. Fewer studies exist on the evaluation of SnS to identify the corresponding obstruction types in the upper airway. In this study, we propose a novel feature set based on wavelet transform with a support vector machine classifier to discriminate VOTE (velum, oropharyngeal lateral walls, tongue base and epiglottis) snore sounds labelled during drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Based on snore sound data collected from 24 snoring subjects, processed by a subject-independent 2-fold cross validation experiment, we can show that our wavelet features outperform the frequently-used acoustic features (formants, MFCC, power ratio, crest factor, fundamental frequency) at an WAR (weighted average recall) of 78.2 % and an UAR (unweighted average recall) of 71.2 %, with an enhancement ranging from 5.1 % to 24.4 % and 12.2 % to 46.4 % in WAR and UAR, respectively.

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