Time, Frequency and Information Domain Analysis of Heart Period and QT Variability in Asymptomatic Long QT Syndrome Type 2 Patients

Alberto Porta1, Alfred George Jr, Andrea Marchi, Beatrice De Maria, Giulia Girardengo, Lia Crotti, Paul Brink, Peter J. Schwartz, Vlasta Bari

  • 1University of Milan

Details

Category

Contributed papers (Oral)

Theme

05. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Engineering

Sessions

08:30 - 10:00 | Wed 26 Aug | Suite 6 | 5.2

Complexity in Cardiovascular Signals

Abstract

This study was designed to characterize in time, frequency and information domains heart period (HP) and QT interval variabilities in asymptomatic (ASYMP) long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2) subjects. HP, approximated as the temporal distance between two consecutive R-wave peaks, and QT, approximated as the temporal distance between the R-wave peak and the T-wave offset, were automatically derived from 24h Holter recordings in 10 ASYMP LQT2 patients and 13 healthy non mutation carriers (NMC) subjects. All analyses were carried out during DAY (from 2 to 6 PM) and NIGHT (from 12 to 4 AM). Mean, variance, spectral power and complexity indices at short, medium and long time scales were assessed over HP and QT beat-to-beat series. Circadian rhythmicity was evident in both NMC and ASYMP LQT2 but ASYMP LQT2 subjects were characterized by higher HP, QT interval and HP variability during both DAY and NIGHT. In addition, multiscale complexity analysis was able to differentiate the groups by showing a higher HP complexity and a lower QT complexity at long time scales in ASYMP LQT2 during DAY. ASYMP LQT2 exhibited a different autonomic control compared to NMC and such a differentiation could be protective and assure them a lower risk profile.

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